Saturday, March 14, 2020
Perception model Essays Perception model Essay Perception model Essay Robert Jervis presented a two-step model that can be utilized to examine or analyze decisions made by the state or the actors concerned. His model is hinged on perception and its effects on the decision-making process. He discussed two important propositions by which his model can take effect. The first proposition he made was to examine a decision-makerÃ¢â¬â¢s perception as a possible immediate cause of his behavior. Basically, Jervis suggests that a decision can be analyzed by looking at how the actor saw the situation. This is in contrast with the process of examining policies as direct results or consequences of different variable at the different levels of analysis which Jervis also discussed. The second proposition that Jervis made was that the images or perception must be related to reality or when this is not possible, to the information that was available to the actor at the time the decision was made. Jervis points out that an analysis must take into consideration how the images were formed and how the available information contributed to the formation of such images. It must be noted that these two propositions form JervisÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"perception model. Ã¢â¬ Therefore, both steps must be taken when utilizing the model as basis for analysis. Basically, these propositions were developed because as Jervis argued, if perceptions did not affect decisions, then all actors must make similar decisions when placed in the same situations. However, the reality is that statesmen do not arrive at the same decisions even when placed in the same scenarios. Jervis attributed such differences in decisions to differences to the differences of how the actors perceive the environment the situation where they find themselves in. It is for this reason that the two propositions were developed and subsequently, that Jervis suggested his two-step perception model.
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
The use of official corruption by transnational organised crime groups - Essay Example The aim of this project is to compile a 10,000 word research paper following independent research in the area of transnational crime prevention. The topic selected by the author to research is the use of official corruption by transnational criminal groups to further their illegal activities. The topic is relevant to transnational crime prevention in that transnational criminal groups greatly rely on the use of various forms of official corruption to facilitate and grow their illegal activities. Transnational organised crime groups exist in all types of societies, whether or not there is a high incidence of official corruption. However, they are able to operate, remain viable and sustainable, grow and even become a serious threat to the state and civil society when certain conditions prevail. Such conditions include: Where the state is weak or corrupt or, more commonly, both. The agencies that are meant to control crime are unable to do so or else are unwilling, and instead are happy to be paid off by criminal groups or even work with them. The legal, political and economic systems fail to meet the needs of the society, or at least a significant section of them. In such circumstances, desire for illegal goods and services, such as drugs or other contraband, is often high and organised crime groups can and will fill any vacuum created by the weakness of the state to and provide essential and non essential services, including protection. If, for example, people do not believe that the police can or will protect them and their property, then paying criminals for protection may, in many circumstances, seem necessary and inevitable. Official corruption takes many forms and involves many different types of officialdom, from elected politicians, to officials in various ministries, including law enforcement agencies. The aim of this project is to put forward a definition of official corruption that best suits the purposes of research into the ways
Monday, February 10, 2020
Pleasant and Unpleasant Description of a Lunch Meal - Essay Example Negative paragraph - Truly disappointed with the atmosphere and service of the restaurant I could not imagine how the food was to taste. The service was slow, non-courteous and interruptive. Sitting on an Algonquin round table with white covers with stains on it. I was looking for a great experience and found this place lacking. The atmosphere is non-conducive no privacy and noisy. Not really worth the trouble services below average, prices much above average than the usual. Had a cheese omelet for lunch overcooked too much strong cheese on it? I could not bear it. A glass of wine here cost more than the lunch itself. "I am not looking forward to a return visit" (Catford, par 4). I used a great deal of word choice in each of my two descriptions. For example in my positive paragraph, I described the cheese omelet to be Ã¢â¬Ëtasty and deliciousÃ¢â¬â¢ to a point that I hardly had enough. In the negative paragraph, I described cheese omelet to be Ã¢â¬Ëovercooked with too much chees e on themÃ¢â¬â¢. This means that I could not bear them anymore as they lacked taste. In my positive paragraph, I described the atmosphere to be Ã¢â¬Ëquiet and relaxing with good privacyÃ¢â¬â¢. This implies the place to be cool and conducive. In the negative paragraph, I described the atmosphere to beÃ¢â¬â¢ noisy and with no privacyÃ¢â¬â¢. This portrays the place to be unbearable and non-conducive. In my positive paragraph, I described the service to be Ã¢â¬ËexcellentÃ¢â¬â¢. This is further explained by the politeness, courteousness and non-interruptive nature of the service. In the negative paragraph, I describe the service to beÃ¢â¬â¢ slow, non-courteous and interruptive. This brings out the disappointment nature of the client.Ã Ã
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Medical Terminology Weekly Reflection Week Two Essay In this weekÃ¢â¬â¢s learning, I learned from Readings and Lectures from Chapter Two and Four. In Chapter Two I learned, The Medical Terms of the different Anatomical Planes, Directions, and Body Regions. I learned the individual body systems into the organization and functions of the body as a whole. I learned How to comprehend, spell, and write medical terms pertaining to the body as a whole so I can communicate and document medical terms accurately and precisely. I learned to recognize and pronounce medical terms pertaining to the body as a whole so that I can communicate verbally with accuracy and precision. Fellow Classmates and I had to discuss the different types of Bone Disorders and how we can prevent them. Learning the different types of Bone Disorders was one of many medical sources that I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know much about. After this weekÃ¢â¬â¢s Bone Disorder discussion I now know that there are many types of Bone Disorders and what the causes and effects are from them. In this weekÃ¢â¬â¢s course assignments, I learned from a Chapter Review, Chapter Quiz, Connect Activity, and the introduction of the Final Portfolio Assignment Research Paper. Learning from the Chapter Review, it was a hundred multiple questions about the chapters and lectures of this week. I learned from the Chapter Quiz which was also a final review of this weekÃ¢â¬â¢s material learning. I learned from the Connect Activity by completing the assignment modules of this weekÃ¢â¬â¢s learning material. I was introduced to my final portfolio project consists the assignment instructions and grading rubric for a research paper which is due in week seven. In this weekÃ¢â¬â¢s learning, I can apply each aspect of my learning from chapter readings, lectures, discussions, and class assignments through my personal, professional, and academics life. Personally, IÃ¢â¬â¢m gaining information about what my body can do and how it is done. Professionally, I will use each of the medical terms and knowing the medical information throughout my career. Academically, IÃ¢â¬â¢m sure IÃ¢â¬â¢ll use my knowledge of learning from this course to another course too.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
The Brilliant and Evil Hitler Hitler was both brilliant and evil. He won the following of nearly all German people, and brought a desperate country out of poverty and post-war dissolution. It was not by virtue that Hitler accomplished these things. Instead, it was through evil planning, mass rallies, emotional appeal to a vulnerable population, stirring military displays, and the eventual extermination of millions of innocent people: Jews (anyone with one or more Jewish grandparent), Communists, Negroes, the mentally ill, and anyone else in his way. He called his plan to rid the world of "inferior" human beings the "Final Solution." Hitler had a brilliant mind. He brought Germany out of post-war depression and create jobs, comradere, and a better economy, yet he was very evil. He used his power, coersion, and manipulation to convince Germans to committ unthinkable atrocites against millions of innocent people. The signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919, marked the end of WW1 and the beginning of severe depression in Germany. The treaty mandated disarmament, heavy reparations, a loss of 15% of German territory, which in turn took 7 million of her citizens, 75% of its iron-ore, its entire Navy, and all merchant men (Siegel 3). The effects of the treaty were devastating, causing severe unemployment (nearly 6 million in Germany) and devaluation of the German mark. Millions lost their life savings and became destitute. Other requirements included "the surrender of goods in vast quantities and the requirement to sign over future commercial opportunities" (Seigel 3). Germany's economy was devastated and Hitler was waiting, hovering in the darkness, to take full advantage of thi... ...and, and Germany. In his effort to unify all German-speaking people and eliminate non-Aryan races, Hitler was responsible for more than 12 million deaths. Using coercion, manipulation, and threats he convinced the German people if they did not comply with his demands, they would be added to staggering list of the dead. This threat, fed by the desire for an improved life is what led the German people into Hitler's hands. Works Cited Chambers, Mortimer., er al. The Western Experience. New York: Mcgraw Hill, 1995. Perry, Marvin., er al. Sources of the Western Tradition. Ed. George W. Bock: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1995. Siegel, Scott J., On-line article, In Defense of the German Civilian Population on Charges of Willing Accomplices to Crimes Against Humanity During WW II. Location: http://members.tripod.com/~ssscott/defense.html.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Wedding Day Every little girl dreams about her wedding day. I was no different. An Indian marriage is performed with great funfair. All people whether rich or poor want it to be a memorable occasion. My wedding day was the most joyous day of my life. Since then, I have learned that such moments do not happen all the time. It is important to enjoy them. My wedding day was fulfilled with many emotional including happiness, sadness, fear, and excitement. My wedding has been the most blissful time of my life. However, it seemed to be a complete blur.It all happened very quickly from the moment I was engaged to the moment we walked around the sacred circle on my wedding day. The wedding was put together in only ten days. I spent those ten days with my fiance and my future in-laws getting to know each other. We spent time visiting temples and shopping in preparation for the wedding. We shopped matching wedding dress. Our wedding dress was red and white color. I also spent much of that time with my family and many relatives from out of the town. I met so many people.There were over 2000 people that attend our two day wedding ceremonies. Almost everyone from our families to our friends helped celebrate. On that day I was very nervous to go front of my fiance but inside of my heart, I was very happy. I was going to start my new life. Not only were many of dreams coming true, but also I was fulfilling my fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s hopes. He also wished that I settle in the United States for a better life. I will always remember the joy in my fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes that day. While I was having the time of my life, a part of me was both sad and fearful.I was disappointed my older brother was unable to attend the biggest day of my life. He was living abroad and could not make the trip back because of immigration issues. I was also sad because I realized that I would need to leave for the US. I had always lived in our small village for my entire life. It meant that I was leaving my life behind. I had to leave my family, friends, and relatives. It was very difficult for me to pack up my life into two suitcases. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t even know when I will come and see my family and friends again.I was also a bit scared to start my new life with my husband. I had only known him for a short time and his family members. With anything new, there is always fear of the unknown. Everything I knew was about to change. For example, new family members, new roles as wife, language, life-style and also new country. I even had to learn about the new culture. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t cried much when I was leaving my family and friends on my wedding night than I cried when the final day came to going the airport and coming in the United States. I had cried a bunch when I left my country.On the other side, I was very excited about coming to the United States. It would be a beginning of new chapter of my life. Before coming into the United States, I had only seen how life would be on TV. I am very thankful to my parent. They are the one who think about my better future in the United States. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t wait to see all the amazing things United States is famous for like the statue of liberty, space center, and Disney world. I was very thrilled about meeting new people, making new friends, and trying new food. I was also anxious to start my married life. I wanted to be a perfect wife.I look forward to taking care of my husband and his family such as cooking, cleaning, and also help with some other works. I was very excited to meet his all friends and family friends. My wedding day was everything that had dreamed up. I went through many emotions such as happiness, sadness, and excitement. I have learned not to fear the unknown. Instead, I should embrace new opportunities. I continue to believe that things always come out for the best. I feel very bless for life. For my better life, I am thankful to my parent. In the end, it has been a most memorable and life changing event of my life.
Monday, January 6, 2020
Mathematical Order in the Artwork of Leonardo Da Vinci A large portion of the Italian Renaissance was an obsession with finding order in everything in the universe. Its primary actors sought to show nature as orderly and fundamentally simple. Leonardo Da Vinci, the epitome of the Renaissance Man, was not the first to apply these ideas of geometric order and patterns to art, but he may be the most well known. Da Vinci used mathematical concepts like linear perspective, proportion and geometry in much of his artwork. Leonardo was born on April 15, 1452 in Vinci, a town 50 kilometers west of Florence in what is now Italy. The illegitimate son of a notary, he grew to become one of the most renowned and influential men in the fields ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦By using this method, Da Vinci made the painting appear to be an extension of the room itself (Brizio, 52). It should be noted that The Last Supper is his final piece showing evidence of linear perspective. It was completed in 1498. Of the 14 paintings attributed to Da Vinci before 1500, only four use linear perspective (Zwijnenberg, 130-5). So it is clear he was not bound by any one method, just as he was not bound by any one field of study. LeonardoÃ¢â¬â¢s most famous painting by far is the Mona Lisa. It is a simple portrait of a young woman whose identity is unknown. She is sitting in front of a mountainous nature scene dressed in the clothing of the time. The most captivating aspect of the mysterious young woman is her very subtle smile. Not only is this a beautiful painting superficially, but also it is filled with many puzzles that art historians have been studying for years. One of the most interesting is the mismatch in the horizon of the background. The left side is significantly lower than the right. So if the observer focuses on the left side of the painting, she appears to be much taller and more erect than if he focuses on the right (WebMuseum). Da Vinci was a master of using perspective to trick the eyes of the observer. Mona Lisa, Leonardo Da Vinci, c. 1506  Leonardo Da Vinci, like other artists of his time, paid particular attention to proportion. In The Last Supper, he sought to create a perfect harmonicShow MoreRelatedLeonardo Da Vinci : The Most Famous For His Art1448 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages3/29/16 Leonardo Da Vinci When hearing the name Leonardo da Vinci, what comes to mind? For many people it will be his artwork. This is because of all of the accomplishments da Vinci has, he is most famous for his art. What many people donÃ¢â¬â¢t know was that he was also a scientist, inventor, and philosopher. Da Vinci lived in a time period known as the Renaissance. This was a time of knowledge and enlightenment, and it gave birth to many of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most talented and educated people. Leonardo da VinciRead MoreLeonardo Da Vinci : A Man Behind His Time Essay1751 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesLeonardo da Vinci was a great inventor, scientist, engineer, architect, and artist, as well as possibly the greatest mind the world has ever Ã¢â¬âand possibly will ever- know. Leonardo da Vinci, if he were alive today, could quite possibly rival Stephen Hawking. Leonardo da Vinci was a man ahead of his time. He drew machines that we are still trying to figure out today, and he drew gears and systems that work in m achines today. His drawing of anatomy helps doctors today, including his drawings of theRead MoreRenaissance And The Italian Renaissance1396 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesexample of perfected art is the most famous portrait known as the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci. The Mona Lisa Ã¢â¬Å"brings figure and landscape into exquisite harmony: the pyramidal shape of the sitter is echoed in the curves of distant roads and rivers.Ã¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Renaissance/Baroque HumanitiesÃ¢â¬ 59). The combination of geometry and natural elements is one attributing aspect of the portrait that makes it so well-known. Leonardo da Vinci was one of the most versatile artists in history and one of the most famousRead MoreThe Rebirth Of The Renaissance999 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesnew innovations that are still used in contemporary art. The development of linear perspective and other techniques of achieving a natural and realistic painting were greatly used. Many great artworks where created throughout the Renaissance. Two great masterpieces done in this time period were Leonardo Da VinciÃ¢â¬â¢s Last Supper, and RaphaelÃ¢â¬â¢s The School of Athens. These two pieces show the complexity of beliefs that were going on during the rebirth. LeonardoÃ¢â¬â¢s Last Supper, is one of the most iconicRead MoreA Comparison of The Middle Ages vs. The Renaissance Essay1530 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesin Europe, and its rediscovery of the classics and human-based approach to learning led to the creation of many sculptures and realistic portrayals of the human body. It also gave way to individualism, realism, and perspective. For example, Leonardo da Vinci was an artist, humanist, and scientist who studied the human anatomy in detail, dissected corpses in secret, and applied his knowledge to his famous works (Document 6). Similarly, Michelangelo, another famous artist and humanist, used detailRead MoreCompare And Contrast The Use Of Lines In The Works Of Vincent Van Gogh And Sol Lewitt1165 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Lines can express many things. Like Vincent Van Gogh artwork lines can express emotion, and feelings of the artist at that time. Vincent Van Gogh Ã¢â¬Å"The Starry NightÃ¢â¬ is example of that. He used loose and free drawing lines. The lines looked as they were out of control and free. Vincent Van Gogh used thick, bold strokes of the paint brushes to show a certain Ã¢â¬Å"bodyÃ¢â¬ of their own which is known as impasto. It was consistent through heÃ¢â¬â¢s artwork so it was like a signature he used. Since Van Gogh wasRead MoreThe Hidden Meanings Within Michelangelo s The Creation Of Adam2224 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesinsight into the fresco, they are not based in objective reason. In this essay, I will explain the significance of their stretched fingers using simplified mathematics. The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo is one of the most recognizable pieces of artwork in the history of art and still today in modern times. This fresco is the fourth scene along the middle strip on the Sistine ceiling illustrating stories from the book of Genesis. This scene portrays the Biblical episode when God creates the firstRead MoreThe School of Athens2478 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesof this period are executed in styles so similar that art historians have found it difficult to determine which were painted by Raphael. In 1504 Raphael moved to Florence, where he studied the work of such established painters of the time as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, learning their methods of representing the play of light and shade, anatomy, and dramatic action. In 1508 Raphael was called to Rome by Pope Julius II and commissioned to execute frescoes in four small stanze, or rooms, of theRead MoreNiccolo Machiavellis Change In The Scientific Revolution And Secularism Essay1334 Words Ã | Ã 6 Pageson secularization, absolutism, and utilitarianism. The Renaissance ideas of realism, humanism, and secularism would have an everlasting effect on the world, and would lead to the Enlightenment a few hundred years later. Leonardo da Vinci is known for his many inventions and artworks, Erasmus spearheaded the humanist movement and was influential in both the Catholic Counter-Reformation, as well as the Protestant Reformation, and Niccolo Machiavelli wrote his famous book The Prince, which would serveRead MoreEssay The School of Athens2445 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesof this period are executed in styles so similar that art historians have found it difficult to determine which were painted by Raphael. In 1504 Raphael moved to Florence, where he studied the work of such established painters of the time as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, learning their methods of representing the play of light and shade, anatomy, and dramatic action. In 1508 Raphael was called to Rome by Pope Julius II and commissioned to execute frescoes in four small stanze, or rooms, of the